Turbo S80 TCV & Vacuum Line Routing
The pressure from the outlet of the turbo presses on the wastegate diaphragm to keep it closed. When the ECU decides there is enough boost, it stops allowing the air from the turbo outlet from going to the wastegate actuator and allows it to go to the compressor inlet tube. The system is a pulse width modulated system meaning it is never “always on”, but instead cycled on for longer periods of time to increase boost, and shorter to decrease boost. When the TCV is off, air from the compressor is dumped to the compressor inlet, and the spring pressure in the wastegate is what regulates compressor outlet pressure.