Volvo 850 History, by Volvo Company
Editor’s note: the following text and photo comes from Volvo’s 850 History page. It was translated from Swedish to English by Google Translate service. Remember, this data refers to Swedish market 850s, thus it shows things like production ending in model year 1996.
Less than two years after the introduction of the 850 GLT in the four-door sedan came five-door wagon in February 1993. Design of the 850 sedan showed off a rear part with typical Volvo Profile, ie. an almost vertical tailgate – a handy feature that maximizes space. Volvo 850 GLT received a tumultuous welcome – rarely has a new car received so many awards that 850th Combi version received the prestigious Japan Prize “1994 Good Design Grand Prize.” Over the years, expanded 850-series with more than just a hatchback version. The series includes a wide choice of engines, including turbocharged gasoline engines and direct injection. When Volvo decided to return to motor sport in 1994 it was done in the British Championship BTCC, British Touring Car Championships. The first Volvo that the challenge was a conspicuous Volvo 850 wagon – family car and race car in one. Volvo 850 was also the first car in the world with side airbags, which was introduced in series production in autumn 1994. A spectacular addition to 850/V70-serien was the first-generation four-wheel drive models: AWD (All Wheel Drive) and XC (Cross Country). Model Year 1997, the 850 hatchback of V70.
Model: 850 hatchback
Body: 5-door hatchback
Engine: 5-cylinder, in-line, DOHC unit, 1984 cc to 2383 cc or 5-cylinder, straight, 2461 cc, SOHC, turbo diesel
Transmission: 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic, FWD or AWD
Brakes: Hydraulic disc brakes on all wheels
Measurements: Total length 472 cm, wheelbase 267 cm.