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2000 V40 non-start mystery

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1996 - 2004 S40
1996 - 2004 V40
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olddaddy
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Year and Model: 15-V60/00-V40
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2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by olddaddy » Wed Jun 06, 2018 5:59 pm

So, the car runs like a top, 80 mile round-trip commutes for weeks on end. The other night I went to start it for a quick ride up to the store and it struggled to start, caught a bit and then died. When I tried re-starting the key does not seem to go all the way round to the start position. I hear the fuel pump engage, all lights on the dash work, but nothing in terms of starting......what the hell? Key problem? Immobilizer? Demons? I'm at a loss. All the fuses look good, battery is new and when it was running it ran great! Not anymore. Any advice?


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jefe
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Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by jefe » Wed Jun 06, 2018 8:21 pm

Sticky shift knob (if automatic) ?
Ignition coils or spark plugs?



emtor
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Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by emtor » Fri Jun 08, 2018 5:22 am

WD40 inside the key hole,-massage it a bit with the key. If the key goes all the way, then that's one problem out of the equation.
However, the ignition key / lock is most likely not the problem since it's cranking.
"jefe" mentions the gear knob. -Massage that as well.

A crank,-no start situation may have several causes. -No fuel or no spark or both,- or the Idle Air Control Valve does not work.
To rule out the IACV try starting by depressing the accelerator pedal slightly while cranking. If it starts but dies when taking the foot off the pedal the IACV is the problem. Then remove the IACV and clean it with carb cleaner or some other solvent. Also check for voltage at the contact, and if there is voltage at the contact the motor inside the IACV may have given up. Supply the IACV with power directly from the battery to see if the valve moves or not.
If the engine still won't start despite depressing the pedal move on to the next stage . . .

Fuel pump is running, you already heard that, so most likely it's in good order.
Then, check for fuel pressure in the fuel rail. Locate the schrader valve sitting at the end of the rail, depress the needle. It should squirt gas, and if it does, the Fuel Pressure Regulator is OK,-or maybe, since you now know you have pressure, but not how much.
If no pressure, then pull off the short hose going from the FPR to the intake manifold. If you see the smallest amount of gas here the diaphragm has ruptured and you need to replace the FPR.

If idle control and fuel seems OK, then move on to spark.
Pull one spark plug and insert it into the cable, ground it to the engine and let someone attempt to start.
If there is spark, well, then there's probably spark on the other plugs as well, in which case I would have started to believe in your theory regarding demons.
If no spark, check wether all contacts are firmly seated. If they are, I would have suspected the crank / cam sensors.
At this stage you'd love to have an oscilloscope to check the waveforms from these sensors.
Since you probably don't have one, a decent repair shop will.



olddaddy
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Joined: Wed May 30, 2007 6:59 pm
Year and Model: 15-V60/00-V40
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United States of America

Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by olddaddy » Fri Jun 08, 2018 5:34 am

The engine does not crank. The key does not turn to the start position.


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emtor
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Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by emtor » Fri Jun 08, 2018 7:09 am

Best scenario - lack of lubrication.
Worst scenario - lock is shot.

On my V40 I had trouble inserting the key, and turning it felt like turning a rusted bolt. WD 40 fixed it.
Try the cheapest solution first,-lubrication. Also try to wiggle the key while turning it.
Oh,-make sure the steering wheel is not in the locked position. -Wiggle the steering wheel too.



difflock54
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Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by difflock54 » Sat Jun 09, 2018 3:59 pm

PNP switch problem.
With foot on the brake pedal, paddle the shifter several times thru all the gear positions then return it to Park and try again.
Does the dash display go out when you attempt to start up?



olddaddy
Posts: 68
Joined: Wed May 30, 2007 6:59 pm
Year and Model: 15-V60/00-V40
Location: Davenport, Florida
United States of America

Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by olddaddy » Sat Jun 09, 2018 5:24 pm

Thanks for all the replies. I don't believe it is a PNP issue, that item is a new Volvo part and have not had an issue. I'm thinking it is something to do with the immobilizer, but doing the lock/un-lock routine with the fob has not made any difference. Although the key doesn't seem to reach the start position, it's not hard to turn and is inserting fully. I lubed the ignition switch, but still nothing.


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RickHaleParker
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Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by RickHaleParker » Sat Jun 09, 2018 6:34 pm

It could be the starter relay.
1. Locate the starter relay.
2. Swamp it with another of the same part number. (There should be a second one in the fuse box ... A/C, horn ..ect.)
3. Try cranking the engine.
If it cranks you located the problem.


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emtor
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Re: 2000 V40 non-start mystery

Post by emtor » Sat Jun 09, 2018 11:27 pm

If swapping relays doesn't help try removing the ignition switch or at least try to get access to the contact points. Find the two contact points that get connected when in position III and short them.
If the engine cranks then you've got a mechanical issue with the ignition switch.
White wire comes from +12 volts, green wire goes to starter relay (V40 2002 1.8 liter petrol engine).



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