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98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Help, Advice and DIY Tutorials on Volvo's extremely popular car line -- Volvo's 1990s "bread and butter" cars -- powered by the ubiquitous and durable Volvo inline 5-cylinder engine.

1992 - 1997 850, 850 R, 850 T5-R, 850 T5, 850 GLT
1997 - 2000 S70, S70 AWD
1997 - 2000 V70, V70 AWD
1997 - 2000 V70-XC
1997 - 2004 C70

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CIK7
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98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by CIK7 » Tue May 26, 2020 2:03 pm

I read a thread about power steering fluid on here. I have to replace the pump because it somehow got damaged during my accident on may 2nd. The manual states Volvo ATF only. The thread I read said (haha) Mobil 1 dexIII. The manual also says Volvo ATF for the transmission. A preference for a couple people out there is the Toyota TIV ATF. Can I use Toyota TIV in the power steering with no issues? How much fluid does the power steering need? I found a good deal on it. I need to drain and refill the transmission too.
Last edited by CIK7 on Tue May 26, 2020 2:06 pm, edited 1 time in total.
1998 V70 XC black ($1K trade, Mi:143,995/151K, immaculate engine, totalled 5/2/20)
1998 V70 XC white ($50 cash, junk, donor for my black XC)
2001 V70 Ba white (sold)
2009 Impala LT 3.5L (sold)

Plans for my 98 XC: 16T/18T, P2 M66 swap, logo/badge delete excl grille

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misha
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Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by misha » Tue May 26, 2020 2:04 pm

Just regular red ATF...1l is enough for power steering.
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CIK7
'97 850 2.5 20v / fully equipped / Motronic 4.4 from the factory / upgraded with S,V,C,XC70 instrument cluster / polar white wagon
'91 Citroen XM 2.0 SI /fully equipped/mandarine red metallic
History of Volvos in the family:
'71 144 S
'73 144 De Luxe
'78 244 DL
'78 244 DL
'79 244 GLE
'85 340 GLS

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Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by scot850 » Tue May 26, 2020 2:50 pm

The Toyota TIV is an Aisin product equivlant to the 3309 ATF and not the Dex3.

I believe you can also use the Volvo Pentisin fluid but you cannot mix it with ATF.

Neil.
2000 V70 R - still being an endless PITA
2006 XC70
2003 Toyota 4Runner V8 Limited
2015 Kia Sportage EX-L
1993 850 GLT -Sold
1998 V70 XC - Sold
1997 Volvo 850 SE NA - Went to niece in California - Sold
2000 V70 SE NA - New project and test bed - Sold

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CIK7
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Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by CIK7 » Tue May 26, 2020 4:06 pm

scot850 wrote: ↑
Tue May 26, 2020 2:50 pm
The Toyota TIV is an Aisin product equivlant to the 3309 ATF and not the Dex3.

I believe you can also use the Volvo Pentisin fluid but you cannot mix it with ATF.

Neil.
Thank you. The Volvo parts dept at dealer said DOT 3 power steering fluid should work. Is this true?
1998 V70 XC black ($1K trade, Mi:143,995/151K, immaculate engine, totalled 5/2/20)
1998 V70 XC white ($50 cash, junk, donor for my black XC)
2001 V70 Ba white (sold)
2009 Impala LT 3.5L (sold)

Plans for my 98 XC: 16T/18T, P2 M66 swap, logo/badge delete excl grille

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CIK7
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Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by CIK7 » Tue May 26, 2020 4:07 pm

The parts dept at Volvo dealer said DOT 3 ps fluid should work. True or not true?
1998 V70 XC black ($1K trade, Mi:143,995/151K, immaculate engine, totalled 5/2/20)
1998 V70 XC white ($50 cash, junk, donor for my black XC)
2001 V70 Ba white (sold)
2009 Impala LT 3.5L (sold)

Plans for my 98 XC: 16T/18T, P2 M66 swap, logo/badge delete excl grille

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Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by MoVolvos » Tue May 26, 2020 4:23 pm

CIK7 wrote: ↑
Tue May 26, 2020 4:07 pm
The parts dept at Volvo dealer said DOT 3 ps fluid should work. True or not true?
No one uses the term DOT 3 for transmission fluid. The term is used for brake fluids DOT 3, DOT 4 or both. The 98's should use DEX III.

I've used Havoline (EDIT: Full Synthetic Multi-Vehicle ATF) in the following for full flushes:

03 Lexus GS300 - Transmission, Powersteering
03 S80 T6 - Transmission, Powersteering
03 Odyssey - Transmission (Honda says their Fluid Only), Original Transmission w/230K

https://www.amazon.com/HAVOLINE-2265364 ... 214&sr=8-1
.
Last edited by MoVolvos on Tue May 26, 2020 5:09 pm, edited 2 times in total.
Blessings,

BKM

1998 S70 T5 - Donated
2003 S80 T6
2003 GS300
2003 Odyssey
2008 C30 T5
2019 Atlas SE 4 Motion

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Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by CIK7 » Tue May 26, 2020 4:37 pm

MoVolvos wrote: ↑
Tue May 26, 2020 4:23 pm
CIK7 wrote: ↑
Tue May 26, 2020 4:07 pm
The parts dept at Volvo dealer said DOT 3 ps fluid should work. True or not true?
No one uses the term DOT 3 for transmission fluid. The term is used for brake fluids DOT 3, DOT 4 or both. The 98's should use DEX III.

I've used Havoline 3309 in the following for full flushes:

03 Lexus GS300 - Transmission, Powersteering
03 S80 T6 - Transmission, Powersteering
03 Odyssey - Transmission (Honda says their Fluid Only), Original Transmission w/230K

https://www.amazon.com/HAVOLINE-2265364 ... 214&sr=8-1
.
No I'm referring to power steering fluid, not ATF.
1998 V70 XC black ($1K trade, Mi:143,995/151K, immaculate engine, totalled 5/2/20)
1998 V70 XC white ($50 cash, junk, donor for my black XC)
2001 V70 Ba white (sold)
2009 Impala LT 3.5L (sold)

Plans for my 98 XC: 16T/18T, P2 M66 swap, logo/badge delete excl grille

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misha
Posts: 4400
Joined: Sun Dec 07, 2008 4:09 pm
Year and Model: '97 850 2.5 20v
Location: Serbia
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misha

Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by misha » Tue May 26, 2020 4:43 pm

CIK7 wrote: ↑
Tue May 26, 2020 4:07 pm
The parts dept at Volvo dealer said DOT 3 ps fluid should work. True or not true?
Should work????
NOT TRUE!
Don't go to them and don't listen to them!

Owners manual says ATF(red) for power steering.
Later models use Pentosin,which can also be used in P80 BUT you MUST flush power steering system first... because they are not compatible.
'97 850 2.5 20v / fully equipped / Motronic 4.4 from the factory / upgraded with S,V,C,XC70 instrument cluster / polar white wagon
'91 Citroen XM 2.0 SI /fully equipped/mandarine red metallic
History of Volvos in the family:
'71 144 S
'73 144 De Luxe
'78 244 DL
'78 244 DL
'79 244 GLE
'85 340 GLS

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MoVolvos
Posts: 2417
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MoVolvos

Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by MoVolvos » Tue May 26, 2020 4:49 pm

CIK7 wrote: ↑
Tue May 26, 2020 2:03 pm
I need to drain and refill the transmission too.
-
I believe the 98 calls for DEX III (transmission fluid) in the powersteering so the Havoline covers the DEX III (EDIT: which is) for the transmission also.
-

-
Last edited by MoVolvos on Tue May 26, 2020 5:12 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Blessings,

BKM

1998 S70 T5 - Donated
2003 S80 T6
2003 GS300
2003 Odyssey
2008 C30 T5
2019 Atlas SE 4 Motion

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MoVolvos
Posts: 2417
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MoVolvos

Re: 98 XC Power steering fluid preferences

Post by MoVolvos » Tue May 26, 2020 4:55 pm

-
I use to have a 98 S70 T5 which was purchased with around 230K miles. Used DEX III compatible transmission fluid and flushed twiced without issues. It was coffee colored and after 1 year flushed again with no issues. In 2012 used a turkey baster to removed the old powersteering fluid, circulate and removed till is was clean. This is before seeing the video above.
-
Blessings,

BKM

1998 S70 T5 - Donated
2003 S80 T6
2003 GS300
2003 Odyssey
2008 C30 T5
2019 Atlas SE 4 Motion

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